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The International Center for Business and Management Excellence (ICBME), the publisher of Annals of Management Science (AMS), is committed to high standards of ethical behaviors and practices in publication. ICBME believes that the key players or contributors in academic publishing are the editors, the authors, and the reviewers.  It follows, therefore, that these key players/contributors have major roles to play in ensuring, maintaining, and sustaining good ethical behaviors and practices in academic publishing. The following is a summary of ICBME’s key expectations from AMS’s Chief editor and editors (or editorial team), the reviewers, and the authors.

Chief Editor and Editors (or Editorial Team)

Are expected to:

  • Evaluate manuscripts for their academic merits without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship or political philosophy of the authors
  • Have no financial, personal or professional involvement with the manuscript under consideration. If a potential bias exists, they should disclose it.  
  • Base decisions on the importance of the work and not on its effect on the journal’s commercial success.
  • Treat articles they handle confidentially and not disclose information about manuscripts (including their receipt, content, status in the publishing process, reviewer feedback and final decision) to anyone other than the authors.
  • Never use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript in their own research without the express written consent of the author.
  • Recuse themselves (i.e. should ask a co-editor, associate editor or other member of the editorial board instead to review and consider) from considering manuscripts in which they are co-authors or have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the manuscript’s authors.
  • Make reviewers remain anonymous and never publish their comments.
  • Take reasonable actions when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper.

Reviewers

Are expected to:

  • Review manuscripts thoroughly, objectively and timely.
  • Notify the editor and excuse themselves from reviewing a manuscript if they feel unqualified to review it or that its prompt review will be impossible.  
  • Maintain the confidentiality of any information supplied by the editor or author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must not be used for personal advantage.
  • Identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.
  • Alert the editor to any published or submitted content that is substantially similar to that under review.
  • Avoid conflicts of interest (financial, institutional, collaborative or other relationships between the reviewer and author) and to alert the editor to these, if necessary withdraw from reviewing the manuscript.
  • Submit reports containing relevant and clearly stated comments, suggestions, and recommendations (with supporting arguments) so that authors can use them for improving their manuscripts.

Authors

Are expected to:

  • Ensure that all submitted articles are not concurrently under consideration by any other publication.
  • Ensure that they have written entirely original works. If they used the works and/or words of others, they should cite or quote them and the sources.
  • Avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism  takes many forms, from publishing of another person’s works and the author‘s/authors’ own works (self-plagiarism) to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of a published work without acknowledging the source and to claiming results from research conducted by others. Self-Plagiarism is a special type of plagiarism in which an author republishes his/her already published paper in its entirety or reuses portions of it while writing a new one without citing that it was published previously.
  • Present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be presented correctly in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work.
  • Limit authorship to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.